France Is A Secular Country, After The Islamic Headscarf BAN

Prohibition of the Islamic hijab and the introduction of a penalty value of 150 euros, the French government has raised questions about the nature of the secular world from the French government. Allow the country to be secular, it should be clear of all faiths practiced within its domain, the French government ban on wearing the Islamic headscarf in public places came into force April 2, 2011, is arbitrary, and even anti-democratic nature.

Can we claim to be secular country and even rejection by suppressing the religious and cultural practices in a single community, living in a multi-religious and multi-cultural? Such action may be justified in a totalitarian form of government where the "doctrines" of the state replaces that of all other institutions, including religion. But France is a democratic country. To wear the Islamic headscarf by Muslim women if they choose to do so is their democratic right. The French government should understand the Islamic hijab is not the point of view of Islamic law, but by the democratic rights of its citizens.

Secularization, since the second edition of Gale Encyclopedia of Religion (2005) defines, is a Western concept. It describes a process that took place in the West during 19 and 20 after centuries of industrialization and urbanization of society. It is distinguished from "secularism", which is an ideology, and whose supporters are opposed to all forms of supernaturalism and uphold the principles non-religious or anti-religious morality and social organization. Secularization on the other hand is more of a historical process that has taken place in several stages in the West. It should not always be anti-religion, since reform movements, such as the Christian humanism of the Renaissance, and so on were also examples of the trend of secularization, and the aim is to streamline the process of social and restriction of freedom an irrational, religious or Either give the authorities.

Secularization, are also involved in the eradication of organizations dedicated to the local magic and local deities. The conceptualization of a transcendent Supreme Being consistent and universal monotheistic religions, in this sense can be considered as agents of rationalization and secularization of society. In modern times, the focus of religion in personal piety and its relation to ethics in place of power is also a clear manifestation of the secularization process.

In non-Western contexts such as Hindus, Buddhists, or secularism, even Jews and Muslims can not be judged in the western way. The process of urbanization and industrialization has not been the same in both contexts. Understanding of religion should be called before the contradictory juxtaposition as the secularization

especially in non-Western context where religion is closely woven into the fabric of everyday life of the individual.

In the West religion can also be the basis on which communities, including ethnic minorities and regional authorities, to strengthen their distinctive identity. This gain may be due to personal piety and morality, and if the need arises, also as a unifying voice against the oppressive regimes. These should be seen as manifestations of the democratic process, which is another characteristic of modern society. France with its strong tradition of intellectual movements and concerns involved in building a modern and democratic society can not be justified in an action as irrational as to suppress the democratic rights of its citizens.

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